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Why is a Capitalization Table Important?

Published on January 31, 2023

If you attend a pitch event or have a meeting with an investor, it is common that questions around your Capitalization Table will be asked, but why and what is it? A capitalization table, also known as a "cap table," is a crucial tool for any size company; yes even a tiny startup or small business. It is a document that outlines the ownership structure of a company and can be used to track the ownership stakes and equity of all shareholders, including founders, employees, and investors.

Here is a list of some of the reasons why a capitalization table is important:

  1. It helps to clearly define ownership and equity: A cap table allows all stakeholders to see exactly how much ownership each person or entity has in the company. This can be particularly useful in the case of multiple founders or a large number of investors, as it helps to avoid misunderstandings or disputes about ownership.

  2. It aids in decision-making: A cap table can be used to determine the voting power of each shareholder, which can be important when it comes to making key decisions about the direction of the company. For example, if a majority of the voting power is held by a single shareholder, they may be able to sway decisions in their favor.

  3. It helps to plan for future equity grants: A cap table can be used to plan for future equity grants to employees or new investors. It allows a company to see how much equity is available and how it should be distributed.

  4. It is useful for fundraising: A cap table is often used by startups to showcase their ownership structure to potential investors. It can be a useful tool for demonstrating the value of the company and for negotiating the terms of an investment. (It is a good idea to play around with many models to see how equity is diluted with each possible round of funding to help in planning your funding strategy.)

  5. It simplifies the process of issuing new shares: If a company needs to issue new shares of stock, a cap table can make it easier to determine the impact on the ownership stakes of existing shareholders.

In summary, a capitalization table is an important tool for any company, as it helps to clearly define ownership, aids in decision-making, assists with planning for equity grants, is useful for fundraising, and simplifies the process of issuing new shares. It is a valuable resource for all stakeholders, as it helps to ensure that everyone is on the same page when it comes to the ownership and equity of the company.

*** The content is not intended to provide legal, financial or M&A advice. It is for information purposes only, and any links provided are for your convenience. Please seek the services of an M&A professional(s) before entering into any M&A transaction. ***

For More Information


Shawn Flynn is a Principal at Global Capital Markets, a premier middle-market investment bank with a global presence. Shawn has expertise in mergers and acquisitions, capital markets, financial restructuring, and secondaries. He speaks Mandarin and is the host of the award-winning Podcast The Silicon Valley Podcast. Connect with him on LinkedIn.

Shawn Flynn, Principal

Tel (415) 578-1445 Ext. 4

About Global Capital


As a middle market investment banking boutique, Global Capital provides mergers and acquisition advisory services, access to corporate debt and equity capital, and strategic advisory services to successful middle market companies. For over twenty five years, our team has offered companies a unique blend of sophisticated financial expertise and access to the global marketplace of buyers, sellers and financiers.

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